TECHNICAL EXCHANGE PROJECT
Energy and Water Management
POC: Matthew Rothgeb, NASA TEERM Principal Center (321-867-8476)
The goal of the Energy and Water Management Program associated with the Technology Evaluation for Environmental Risk Mitigation Principal Center (TEERM) is to assist NASA efficiently manage, and accurately report energy and water data to effectively reduce utility consumption and increase renewable energy use in accordance with federal regulatory requirements. Rising utility costs, stringent regulatory requirements, and inefficient facility operation and maintenance pose a risk to NASA's mission. The Energy and Water Management Program aids in monitoring, analyzing, and reporting utility data , and promotes efficient usage of NASA resources to reduce mission risk and ensure compliance.
NASA spent $125.52M on facility energy in Fiscal Year (FY) 2014. Although that represents less than one percent of NASA's overall annual budget, the upward trend in energy costs concerns the Agency. To date, NASA has reduced energy consumption by 28.55%, while energy unit costs have increased by 60.0%. The increasing energy unit costs offset energy conservation, which results in NASA using less but spending more.
The National Energy Conservation Policy Act (NECPA), as amended by the Energy Policy Act of 2005 (EPAct 2005), and the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (EISA 2007), mandates energy and water conservation goals for all federal agencies, including NASA. In addition to the requirements set forth in NECPA, federal agencies must also meet the requirements of Executive Order (EO) 13423, (January 2007) and EO 13514 (October 2009). There are also reporting requirements associated with these regulatory requirements. The Presidential Memorandum of Federal Leadership on Energy Management released on December 5, 2013 updated various existing requirements. NASA Headquarters Environmental Management Division (HQ EMD) created the Energy and Water Management Program to support NASA in achieving these regulatory requirements.
With assistance from TEERM, HQ EMD has compiled and submitted the NASA Annual Report to the Department of Energy (DOE) every year since FY 2007. The reports contain information on how NASA is meeting federally mandated energy and water management goals. TEERM monitors input for timeliness, anomalies, and conformity to the new energy and water reporting guidelines and compiles the information into the final report. Additionally, TEERM has worked with HQ EMD to develop Center and Agency dashboards to show at a glance quarterly progress toward federal energy and water goals. These charts will continue to be updated in FY 2014 and beyond. TEERM is also working with the NASA Environmental Tracking System (NETS) to create a web-based version of these charts. TEERM has also adapted these charts and tables to assist HQ EMD with Baseline Performance Reviews (BPRs).
TEERM recently supported the annual NASA Energy Efficiency Panel (EEP) face-to-face meeting, hosted by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) in Golden, Colorado. The three day workshop (August 25–27) consisted of two days of NREL/NASA-provided training and a one day EEP meeting. Training sessions included Utility Energy Service Contracts (UESC) strategies, renewable energy procurement and project opportunity screening, energy security and resiliency, combined heat and power (CHP), net zero building projects, microgrids, energy storage, various NREL software tools, and energy management control systems (EMCS). The EEP face-to-face meeting allows NASA Center Energy Managers and other EEP members to discuss topics relevant to agency strategy, including federal reporting requirements, agency procedural guidance, funding, and lessons learned.
TEERM is also supporting the Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Interagency Working Group (IWG). Established shortly after former President George W. Bush announced the Hydrogen Fuel Initiative in 2003, this IWG serves as the mechanism for collaboration among the federal agencies involved in hydrogen-related research, development, and demonstration. TEERM developed a matrix showing all Hydrogen and Fuel Cell activities from the various NASA Centers to be included in the Group’s extensive hydrogen research taxonomy of past, present, and future hydrogen activities of the Federal government. TEERM redesigned NASA’s Hydrogen website to include Fuel Cells and provides regular updates to showcase NASA’s activity in these areas. Visit NASA’s Hydrogen Web site.
The Energy and Water Management Program assists NASA HQ with Environmental and Energy Functional Reviews at NASA Centers. Engineers work with HQ EMD personnel to interview Center management and assess site progress toward federal requirements as well as address areas where HQ can further assist Centers. Each NASA site is visited in a three-year cycle for this internal review.
NASA TEERM is responsible for organizing and facilitating the NASA Energy Innovation Working Group (EIWG), a multi-Center collaborative effort initiated by the Agency Energy Coordinator. The EIWG was formed to collaborate on ideas to move the energy reduction significantly at the agency level and is tasked with and is tasked with addressing energy security risk reduction for NASA critical infrastructure and achieving NASA facility energy efficiency mandates. The EIWG membership includes civil servants from Glenn Research Center (GRC), Jet Propulsion Lab (JPL), Johnson Space Center (JSC), Kennedy Space Center (KSC), and HQ.